In 2016, the Australian Bureau of Statistics estimated that 798,365 Aboriginal people were in Australia, representing 3.3% of the total population.
The ABS projects the population of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians to increase to between 907,800 and 945,600 people in 2026, at an average growth rate of between 2.0% and 2.3% per year.
While the Northern Territory has the largest percentage of Aboriginal people (about 30%), New South Wales has the largest number of Aboriginal people: More than 265,000. Queensland is second with more than 221,000, while the NT has only about 74,000.
Many think most Aboriginal people live in remote areas, but the opposite is true: More than 37% live in major city areas, about 44% in regional areas and only 19% in remote or very remote areas.
The current Aboriginal age distribution resembles Australia\'s age structure in the 1960s: A large number of young people and very few old people. This reduces the median age of Aboriginal people to 23 years, compared to 38 years for the non-Aboriginal population.